Ka mua, ka muri: navigating the future of design education by drawing upon indigenous frameworks
As design practitioners and educators attempt to respond to a shifting world– in the Māori language, Te Ao Hurihuri–how might we manage such changes? An indigenous precedent draws upon the past to assist the future: ka mua ka muri, ‘travelling backwards into the future,’ the past spread out behind us, as we move into the unknown. Indigenous academics draw inspiration from extant traditional viewpoints, reframing them as methodologies, using metaphor to shape solutions. What is it about the power of metaphor, particularly indigenous ways of seeing, that might offer solutions? In this paper, I describe explorations to extract guiding principles from Indigenous navigational knowledge. The goal: to construct a applicable structure for tertiary design teaching from two metaphorical models, based in Samoan and Hawaiian worldviews, and related Māori concepts. The result was a Navigator framework, created for potential use in a collaborative, studio-style classroom.
Auckland University of Technology. (n.d.). Our Oceanian Leadership network. https://www.aut.ac.nz/about/pacific/our-initiatives/Our-OceanianLeadership-Network
Berryman, M., Glynn, T., Walker, R., Reweti, M., O'Brien, K., Boasa-Dean, T., Glynn, V., Langdon, Y., & Weiss, S. (2002). SES sites of effective special education practice for Māori 2001 [Draft report to the SES Board and Executive Team]. Specialist Education Services.
Bevan-Brown, J. (2002). Culturally appropriate, effective provision for Māori learners with special needs: He waka tino whakarawea [Doctoral thesis, Massey University]. Massey Research Online. http://hdl.handle.net/10179/1935
Crowe, A. (2018). Pathway of the birds: The voyaging achievements of Māori and their Polynesian ancestors. University of Hawaii Press.
Durie, M. (1998). Whaiora: Māori health development (2nd ed.). Oxford University Press. Education Review Office. (2016). Wellbeing for success: A resource for schools. https://www.ero.govt.nz/assets/Uploads/Wellbeing-resource-WEB.pdf
Finney, B. (2003). Sailing in the wake of the ancestors: Reviving Polynesian voyaging. Bishop Museum Press. Grayzel, J. (2019). Polynesian civilization and the future colonization of space. Comparative Civilizations Review, 80(80), Article 3. https://scholarsarchive.byu.edu/ccr/vol80/iss80/3
Hall, A., Morice, M. P., & Wilson, C. (2012). Waka Oranga: The development of an Indigenous professional organisation within a psychotherapeutic discourse in Aotearoa New Zealand. Psychotherapy and Politics International 10(1), 7–16. https://doi.org/10.1002/ppi.1255
Henry, E. (2021, February 28). Ella Henry: Creating a new Aotearoa [Interview]. E-tangata. https://e-tangata.co.nz/korero/ella-henry-creating-a-new-aotearoa/Hohl, M. (2015). Living in cybernetics: Polynesian voyaging and ecological literacy as models for design education. Kybernetes, 44(8/9), 1262 1273. https://doi.org/10.1108/K-11-2014-0236
Mātāmua, R. (2019, July 4). The science of Matariki [Interview]. Our changing world. Radio New Zealand. https://www.rnz.co.nz/national/programmes/ourchangingworld/audio/2018702275/the-science-of-matariki
Niall, T. (2021, March 5). America's Cup: How great Polynesian voyagers can inspire Māori and Pasifika kids. Stuff. https://www.stuff.co.nz/pou-tiaki/124430061/americas-cup-how-great-polynesian-voyagers-can-inspire-mori-and-pasifika-kids
Pohatu, T. W. (2013). Āta: Growing respectful relationships. Ata: Journal of Psychotherapy Aotearoa New Zealand, 17(1), 13-26. https://doi.org/10.9791/ajpanz.2013.02
Rangiwai, B., Simati-Kumar, B., & Mataroa, R. (2020). The He Waka Hiringa Map 2020-2021: Using He Raranga Tangata to support the implementation of the He Waka Hiringa Map in the Master of Applied Indigenous Knowledge programme at Te Wānanga o Aotearoa in Māngere. Te Kaharoa, 15(1). https://ojs.aut.ac.nz/te-kaharoa/index.php/tekaharoa/article/view/294
Reilly, M. P. J. (2009). A stranger to the islands: Voice, place and the self in Indigenous Studies [Inaugural Professorial Address, Otago University]. http://hdl.handle.net/10523/5183
Royal, T. A. C. (2007). Mātauranga Māori and museum practice: A discussion [Report to National Services Te Paerangi]. Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa.
Somerville, A. T. P. (2009). Once were Pacific: Māori connections to Oceania. University of Minnesota Press.
Speidel, G. E., & Inn, K. (1994). The ocean is my classroom. The Kamehameha Journal of Education, 5(2), 11-23.
Sullivan, R. (2015). Mana moana: Wayfinding and five Indigenous poets [Doctoral thesis, University of Auckland]. ResearchSpace. http://hdl.handle.net/2292/25497Webb-Liddall, A. (2019, August 11). The man hijacking the Cook commemorations to tell the story of Polynesian exploration. The Spinoff. https://thespinoff.co.nz/atea/11-08-2019/the-man-hijacking-the-cook-commemorations-to-tell-the-story-of-polynesian-exploration
Wendt Samu, T. (2010). Pacific education: An Oceanic perspective. Mai Review, Article 1. http://www.review.mai.ac.nz/mrindex/MR/article/download/311/311-2283-1-PB.pdf
Zaki, A. (2018, April 10). “Legendary” map of Pacific by James Cook's Tahitian navigator Tupaia finally unlocked. Stuff. https://www.stuff.co.nz/national/101871481/legendary-map-of-pacific-by-james-cooks-tahitian-navigator-tupaia-finally-unlocke.